The nine who succeeded (Walter Ritte, Emmett Aluli, Kimo Aluli, George Helm, Gail Kawaipuna Prejean, Stephen K. Morse, Ellen Miles and Ian Lind and Karla Villalba of the Muckleshoot Nation of Washington State) were arrested. The landing at Kahoembarquement inspired Hawaiians by calling for love and defense of Hawaiian land and the Hawaiian nation. This dramatic moment marked a new stage in the contemporary Indian and Hawaiian reaction to the American occupation, still today linked to indigenous movements around the world. Contemporary historians are convinced that they won the battle with older historians who focused on great men and political history who sought consensus rather than conflicts that believed in American extremism. They celebrate total history with their commitment to digging deep, their insistence on reality, their sensitivity to race, gender and class. At the same time, they admit the flaws of their profession. They recognize that objectivity is difficult and that we bring back the individual temperament and the times we live in the past. For Samuel Eliot Morison, an optimist and patriot, Christopher Columbus was a courageous explorer; For Howard Zinn, convinced that American history is steeped in greed and exploitation, Columbus was a cruel conqueror. Authoritarian governments are less tolerant of debate. Vladimir Putin wants to destroy the textbooks of the 1990s that promote critical investigations and Western values. Russian textbooks should promote “patriotic conscience” and traditional morality. A recent law criminalizes the “distortion of the Soviet`s role in war.” China has changed its economy, but its leaders don`t want to debate its history.
Tombstone, a report on the 1958-62 famine, by Yang Jisheng, is banned.