A new addition to the USMCA is the inclusion of Chapter 33, which covers macroeconomic policies and exchange rate issues. This is considered important because it could set a precedent for future trade agreements.  Chapter 33 sets out requirements for currency and macroeconomic transparency that, in the event of a breach, would be grounds for litigation under Chapter 20.  The United States, Canada and Mexico currently meet all of these transparency requirements in addition to substantive policy requirements that comply with the international Monetary Fund`s articles.  This agreement is the result of a renegotiation between member states of the North American Free Trade Agreement between 2017 and 2018, which formally approved the terms of the new agreement on 30 September 2018 and 1 October.  The USMCA was proposed by U.S. President Donald Trump and signed on November 30, 2018 by Trump, Mexican President Enrique Pea Nieto and Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau as a secondary event of the 2018 G20 summit in Buenos Aires. A revised version was signed on December 10, 2019 and ratified by the three countries, with final ratification (Canada) taking place on March 13, 2020 just before the Canadian Parliament adjourned due to the COVID-19 pandemic. On June 1, 2020, USTR Robert Lighthizer`s office released the uniform rules, which are the final hurdle before the agreement is implemented on July 1, 2020. You`ll find the text of the agreement here: ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/united-states-mexico-canada-agreement/uniform-regulations The 26-year agreement, negotiated by the Bush administration and signed by President Bill Clinton, has become a political goal that has been ridiculed because it encourages American companies to relocate factories and jobs to Mexico. Manufacturing in Mexico accounts for 17% of GDP.  However, Mexican President Andrés Manuel Lupepez Obrador believes that this trade agreement will be a clear positive for the Mexican economy through increased foreign investment, job creation and the expansion of trade.  This seemed to put him in conflict with Trump`s spokeswoman, Stephanie Grisham, who said the White House would “impose” to pass the transposition law before the end of the year.
Pelosi spokesman Henry Connelly said McConnell had “no excuse” for not speaking to the USMCA and referred to the early approval of previous trade pacts. “Today, we are finally ending the NAFTA nightmare and signing the new agreement between the United States and Mexico-Canada,” Trump said at a signing ceremony at the White House. “The GREAT U.S. trade law of the USMCA is good. It will be the best and most important trade agreement the United States has ever concluded. Good for everyone,” Trump tweeted Tuesday. The important thing is that we finally put an end to our country`s worst trade agreements, NAFTA! The agreement will restore security to the direction of the North American economy for the multitude of companies that depend on the rules to carry out their business.