Korinek J, Sourdin P (2011) To what extent do high-quality logistics services facilitate trade? OECD trade policy documents. OECD Publishing, Paris Trade agreements can have a big influence on how a company does business – most clearly on its supply chain management system. The transport of goods from one country to another is already problematic by nature, but knowing how many provisions of these trade agreements are linked can be even more difficult. Brooks DH (2010) Facilitation of trade and regional cooperation in Asia. In: Brooks DH, Stone SF (eds) Regional cooperation, infrastructure and business costs in Asia. It`s Edward Elgar. In return, supply chains are articulated by logistics nodes and specialized and efficient intermodal transport networks. Okabe M, Urata S (2014) The impact of AFTA on intra-AFTA trade. J Asian Econ 35:12-31 Wood DF, Barone AP, Murphy PR, Daniel LW (2003) International Logistics. American Management Association, New York The report also highlighted international data provisions, which reduce political uncertainty as key components of the digital trade chapter.
The USMCA contains provisions that would prohibit both the “discriminatory treatment of cross-border transmissions” and the forced geolocation of data. The compliance objective is constantly evolving. To reduce the risk of non-compliance, companies need to check every detail of their business process to identify gaps that increase the risk of financial risks. The GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade) was concluded in 1947 in Geneva by 23 countries (which comes into force on 1 January 1948) and was considered an interim agreement until the creation of a UN agency to replace the agreement. In the absence of such an agency, the GATT was strengthened and expanded in several subsequent negotiations. Subsequently, it proved to be the most effective instrument of global trade liberalization and played an important role in the massive expansion of world trade in the second half of the 20th century. When THE GATT was replaced by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995, 125 nations signed their agreements, which had become a code of conduct for 90% of world trade. Ramasamy B (1994) The ASEAN Free Trade Area: Impact on Indonesian imports. Bull Indones Econ Stud 30:149-157 Perhaps the most famous trade agreement is the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). This free trade agreement between Canada, Mexico and the United States came into force in 1994 and remains, more than 20 years later, the largest free trade agreement in the world. The agreement, which fits within the three conditions laid down by the U.S. president, created a trilateral rules-based trade bloc throughout North America that helped develop trade relations between the United States and other NAFTA members.
In addition, the three countries were able to become more competitive in the global market. Although casuistics are very diverse, there are a few common elements in international transport: in the Trans-Pacific region, ocean prices have risen in recent years, but tariffs are changing this situation.